Home > Agriculture, Coffee, Economic Growth, Power, Rainfall > Monsoon rains 2010 deviate 10% below normal: Impact on Industries

Monsoon rains 2010 deviate 10% below normal: Impact on Industries

The progress of the south-west monsoon has been quite good in the last week of June and first week of July 2010. Rainfall during 1 June-7 July stood at 204.0 mm, 10% below normal. This is good progress considering -22% deviation from normal until 24 June 2010.

Actual rainfall has been scanty in only one region — East Uttar Pradesh (-67%) and deficient in 10 regions of India. Mainly parts of the central belt, covering MP, Chattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand, Bihar & West Bengal.

Details of the rainfall distribution are given by IMD.

Impact of the monsoon till 7 July on Indian Industries….


While the state-wise rainfall data indicates that Karnataka received normal to excess rainfall, the spatial distribution of rainfall does not seem very good. The coffee-growing districts of Chikmagalur, Kodagu and Hassan in Karnataka have witnessed a dry spell till date in this monsoon. Between June 1 and July 7, Chikmagalur and Kodagu received 405 mm and Kodagu 590 mm of rain, respectively, according to the records of the Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre. This is 18 per cent and 25 per cent, respectively, below the normal rain received during this period.

Poor rainfall as well as exacerbated pest-related problems, such as berry borer and white stem borer are affecting coffee production. Kodagu and Chikmagalur account for close to 60% of India’s coffee output. Lower rainfall means quicker maturity of the fruit and lower density of beans. This may result in a drop in higher grades of the product in total crop production.


A good monsoon is expected to boost cotton production in India by 35 million bales (1 bale = 170 kg)– a record. Cotton during 2009-10 fetched an average price of Rs 29,000 to Rs 30,000/ candy (356 kg). This prompted more farmers to take to cotton farming. Last year, cotton was sown in 10.2 million hectare and this year it is likely to touch 11 million hectare. This increased acreage would result in additional production of about 2 million bales.


Excess rainfall in the some of the rice producing states of India including Punjab (21% above normal) & Haryana (34% above normal) has created a havoc in the rice market. With no fresh arrivals and buying in the market, prices are witnessing a declining trend. However, kharif rice production is expected to be adversely affected due to flooded paddy fields in Punjab & Haryana.


Himachal Pradesh, the second largest hydel power producing state in India, recorded excess rainfall (79% of normal) during 1 June-7 July 2010. Higher rainfall will augur well for hydel power generation– which has been witnessing year-on-year fall in the past 2 years.

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